Co-Existence of nations

Co-Existence of nations

Ten years after the end of the 30-year civil war, the main political challenge Sri Lanka is facing today is the establishment of inter-ethnic harmony between the major ethnic groups, Sinhala, Tamil, and Muslim. Although it is true that reconciliation should take place in the country, the present government has already realized that it does not have a proper plan or understanding of how it should be implemented.

Transitional Justice

Such measures can enhance the confidence of victims and affected communities so that they can be at peace with the past and initiate necessary changes. Civil society must take responsibility for the government's commitment to accountability. This impact needs to be sustained using a variety of tactics, such as constant supervision, organizing the community, and prosecuting public welfare cases when necessary. Before all of them, especially in a time of transitional justice, there is a great deal of public awareness.

Transitional justice must be accompanied by authenticity, directness, and the proper acceptance of guilt. This is basically about human rights. Human rights violation is one of the biggest, worst, most unfortunate and most consequential consequences for many people in conflict situations. Human rights mean that every human being has the right to be treated equally. In the event of a human rights violation, the victims have a lot of responsibility to compensate for the damages they suffered. Since the existing judicial and non-judicial structures do not provide for all of them, this transitional justice is given greater attention and appropriate provisions must be implemented during this period. In fact, transnational justice has become an important part of international law and has been recognized by international human rights standards as a combination of mechanisms used to transform conflict situations to achieve lasting peace. Variants or intentions in transitional justice are justice, compensation or damages, revealing the truth, building reconciliation and ensuring that such incidents will not occur again in the future.

My Experience

I graduated from the University of Kelaniya with a degree in Peace and Conflict Resolution, and the words reconciliation, transitional justice, good governance, democracy, and national identity are not just words we have learned theoretically but have learned over four years. But in practical society, there is a vast gap between theoretical and practical. Regardless of the situation in the country, students of all ethnicities are educated at the university. Four years of my university life, I lived in my hostel room with friends in different ethnic groups. Throughout that time, our roommates have been more united than the other rooms. New Year, Vesak, Thaipongal, Christmas, Ramazan are all our own celebrations and different ideologies, beliefs and beliefs were created among us, not diversity but unity. We love to learn about each other's different cultures and customs. It really changed the mindset of other nations.



Weakness and Suggestions

A multi-pronged approach should be used to promote communal and religious coexistence. With the April 21 attack, it is imperative that young children should be mindful of the need to respect other nations and religions and live in harmony with them. Otherwise extremist ideas will enter the minds of these young children. It should start from school and as well it should be included for the school curriculum. From this level, a trilingual education is required. So that should include the education system is highly essential.

At the state level, all three languages should adequately be used government. Because many of the government administrative functions are mostly conducted in Sinhala. In a situation like that, Tamil people who are only aware of English and Tamil encounter several linguistic problems. They obtain assistance from a Sinhala native speaker a must for day-to-day activities. This absolutely shows the administrative shortfalls in language policy, so they should be rectified as soon as possible. As well as Hiring for government vacancies ethnic diversity should be reflected; otherwise, in administrative functions, the minority may face a lot of difficulties.

The government should also promote racial integration within a multicultural Sri Lanka. First, it should begin from the grass-root level and then step by step it should increase to the whole nation. Institute of National Security Studies suggest to celebrate Global Dignity Day in Sri Lanka, it is an inspirational and participatory event that engages hundreds of thousands of people from around the world in both understanding and celebrating dignity. Global Dignity Day serves to unite everyone in living lives of dignity, honoring the dignity of others, and creating societies based on dignity.

 At the end of the day, people feel empowered, are more aware of their own unique value, and can recognize these same qualities in others. Global Dignity Day officially takes place on the third Wednesday of October each year, but we encourage to hold the event on a day in October that works best for the school level.

At the communal level, Religious pluralism should be promoted. It is an attitude or policy regarding the diversity of religious belief systems co-existing in society.  This is a promotion of some level of unity, co-operation, and improved understanding between different religions or different denominations within a single religion. Not only within the religion but also within the ethnic inter-communal dialogue should be promoted and then can increase mutual understanding among them.

Sport is a way that, national identity can be fostered. Sport has been widely acclaimed as a unity-building agent and as an object for individuals to connect with. Religion, racism, and racism are not considered in the game. Everyone is playing for their team. The best example of this is Muttiah Muralitharan. All Sri Lankans respect and love him regardless of his nationality or religion. So it is intriguing to understand the importance of national sport as it relates to national identity




Hate speech should be criminalized and swift action against racist activities. Because a minority of racists tend to hijack the national discourse. Given the current state of affairs in our country, the first thing that needs to be changed is the thought or denunciation of other races, religions, and races in human beings. That is, they need to build mutual trust between them. What is important in this process is how to maintain good relations between the two parties in the future and ensure that such situations do not arise again. A look at all the chaos in the country recently shows that everyone can live together regardless of race, religion or caste, but they think as they cannot coexist with people other than himself. Therefore, the first thing to be done is to find the roots of the tree. That is a personal solution.

The main weakness in Sri Lanka is that we do not have a proper target. Political leaders change their sides from time to time to achieve their personal goals and work exclusively for the election. This crisis is exacerbated only by the political objectives and the sectors that sow the seeds of communalism. There is no proper solution to the displaced persons, the disappeared and the property of the Tamil people. The extent to which the government has taken measures to address these issues is also problematic.

Human rights violations are damaging the social fabric of society. This, in turn, continues to cause divisions in society, while neglecting the harm to victims, and diminishing public confidence in government agencies and social groups. It can lead to further conflict. Transitional justice, therefore, recognizes the rights of victims, promotes the trust of the civilian population, and strengthens the rule of democratic law.


The writer is a Research Assistant of the Institute of National Security Studies Sri Lanka (INSSSL), National Security Think Tank under the Ministry of Defence. Opinions expressed in this article are her own and not necessarily reflective of the INSSSL